Utah is the 13th largest state in the Union and is notable for being almost synonymous with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) as a majority of the state’s population is reported as members of the Church and the Church’s headquarters are in the state capital of Salt Lake City. Utah was also the location of the linkup between the two ends of the First Transcontinental Railroad at Promontory Point and the last link of the First Transcontinental Telegraph to be established at Salt Lake City.
Tourism plays a prime role in the state’s economy, with the state’s many national parks and ski resorts attracting thousands of visitors each year. Mineral mining has been an important part of the economy since the 19th century and remains strong today. Petroleum and coal production constitute most of Utah’s energy production and government services, transportation industries, and technology development all contribute to Utah’s modern economy.
Most of Utah’s populations is concentrated around Salt Lake City and the southwestern border of the state; running along a corridor of hill country called the Wasatch Front.